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高中英语编辑
2016届高中英语语法复习 第二讲 语态讲练
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语态
语法精讲1. 当句子的主语是动作的执行者时,谓语(vi. Vt.)的形式叫主动语态;当句子的主语是动作的承受者时,谓语(vt.)用被动语态。被动语态的结构:
1)一般现在时:You are required to do this.
2)一般过去时:The story was told by her.
3)一般将来时:The problem will be discussed tomorrow.
4)现在进行时:The road is being widened.
5)过去进行时:The new tool was being made.
6)过去完成时:He said that work had been finished.
7)现在完成时:The novel has been read.
2.一些特殊的被动结构:
1)情态动词的被动结构:The problem must be solved soon.
2)带非谓语的被动结构:
The room is going to be painted.       I hate being made fun of.
3)短语动词的被动结构:
(不及物)动词+介词:
agree to, ask for, call for, laugh at, listen to, look after, operate on, send for, talk about, think of. etc.
(及物)动词+副词:
bring about, carry out, find out, give up, hand in, make out, point out, put away, turn down, work out, etc.
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