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辽宁省沈阳市2018-2019学年高二上学期期末考试试题(英语 解析版)
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B
In 2000, Jodi had a lot going on: Not only was she working, but she was taking care of her husband, Kevin, who was suffering from Lou Gehrig’s Disease (重症肌无力). Being a caretaker is never easy, and on one afternoon after Labor Day, her brother decided to cheer her up.
“While a day at the beach sounded great, it was too much to ask from Kevin. A day at the beach was like running a marathon—an extraordinary event. It would mean having help with us, keeping the wheelchair and medical equipment free of water and sand, it would mean keeping Kevin cool and comfortable, and it would mean a tough day for everyone involved. After work, I got home and I saw my brother’s car. After asking me to wait before coming in, he covered my eyes with a scarf and took my hand. Once inside, he asked me to sit down and then took off my shoes and socks. My foot landed on something cool. I soon realized that my toes were sinking into sand. It was a beautiful morning and the sand felt cool and welcoming under my feet. Still blindfolded, Jamie then guided me to sit down on a towel. Then he sat behind me and held me in his arms. Seagulls flew in front of me. Mists of water touched my face.
‘Here you go’, said my brother, handing me a hot latte. We sat there, not needing to say anything. He embraced me while I sipped my coffee. What a miracle of love! I hadn’t made it to the beach but my brother had brought the beach to me! It was the nicest thing that anyone had ever done for me. For 15 minutes, until Kevin woke and needed care as usual, I was at the beach. When this was over, my brother gently removed my blindfold. Now I could see where I really was. The patio (平台) was covered in sand. A CD player gave the sounds of the ocean. He had supported the hose on a bucket and the water was set to mist.
With my eyes open, the beach was gone. But that memory, that sincere gesture of love and hope, kept me happy for a long time.”
4. Which of the following made a day at the beach beyond reach?
A. The terrible weather.
B. Economic pressures.
C. A lack of a wheelchair.
D. Kevin’s physical condition.
5. The underlined word in paragraph 3 may refer to the brand of ________.
A. dessert                                    B. coffee
C. snacks                                     D. tea
6. What do we learn about Kevin?
A. He was mentally disabled.
B. He was crazy about the beach.
C. He was used to taking a nap in the day.
D. He planned a day at the beach for Jodi.
7. In Jodi’s eyes, her brother was ________.
A. strong and optimistic
B. considerate and caring
C. loyal and friendly
D. honest and enthusiastic
【答案】4. D    5. B    6. C    7. B
【解析】
【分析】
本文是记叙文。Jodi在工作的同时还要照顾有病的丈夫,这让她无法去海滩。她的哥哥为她在露台上铺上沙子,用CD播放海的声音,创造出一种海滩的氛围。蒙着眼睛的Jodi在哥哥爱的拥抱中喝着热咖啡,享受着哥哥为她创造的海洋及海滩。
【4题详解】
推理判断题。根据文章的内容可知,Jodi在工作的同时还要照顾患有重症肌无力的丈夫。所以去海滩极为麻烦,是她无法做到的。因为不仅轮椅和医疗设备要远离水和沙子,还必须让Kevin保持凉爽和舒适,这需要别人的帮助。因此,由于Kevin的身体状况使得在海滩上度过一天是很难做到的。故选D
【5题详解】
推理判断题。根据第三段“‘Here you go, said my brother, handing me a hot latte. We sat there, not needing to say anything. He embraced me while I sipped my coffee.”中的后一句,可判断出她的哥哥递给她的是一杯热咖啡。分析选项可知B项符合题意,故选B
【6题详解】
推理判断题。根据第三段中的“For 15 minutes, until Kevin woke and needed care as usual, I was at the beach.”可知,作者在海滩上待了15分钟,直到Kevin像往常一样醒来需要照顾。根据句中的“as usual”,由此可推断跟平常一样,就是说Kevin平常习惯白天小睡,分析选项可知C符合题意,故选C
【7题详解】
推理判断题。文章的内容可知,Jodi在工作的同时还要照顾有病的丈夫,这让她无法去海滩。她的哥哥为她在露台上铺上沙子,用CD播放海的声音,创造出一种海滩的氛围。蒙着眼睛的Jodi在哥哥的拥抱中喝着热咖啡,享受着哥哥为她创造的海洋及海滩。文中的哥哥帮蒙着眼睛的Jodi脱鞋子和袜子,领着Jodi进屋等情节,根据这一切可推断出,她的哥哥是体贴的,有爱心的。分析选项可知B项符合题意,故选B
【点睛】推理判断试题属于高层次阅读理解题。这种题型包括判断题和推理题。这两类题常常相互依存,推理是为了得出正确的判断,正确的判断又依赖于合乎逻辑的推理。如第3小题,根据第三段中的“For 15 minutes, until Kevin woke and needed care as usual, I was at the beach.”可知,作者在海滩上呆了15分钟,直到Kevin像往常一样醒来需要照顾。根据句中的“as usual”,由此可推断跟平常一样,就是说Kevin平常习惯白天小睡,分析选项可知C符合题意,故选C
根据事实细节,推断合理信息。推理题要求在理解原文表面文字信息的基础上,作出一定判断和推论,从而得到文章的隐含意义和深层意义。推理题所涉及的内容可能是文中某一句话,也可是某几句话,但做题的指导思想都是以文字信息为依据,既不能做出在原文中找不到文字根据的推理,也不能根据表面文字信息做多步推理。也就是说,要做到判断有据, 推论有理, 忠实原文。切忌用自己的观点代替作者的本意,切忌片面思考,得出片面结论。
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