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浙江省大学附属中学2020届高三1月鸭模拟考试试题(英语 解析版)
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A
My violin is like a soul mate that whispers words of wisdom to me. Together, we’ve gone through both tears and happiness.
About 12 years ago, I made acquaintance with it following an order from my mom. Many hours of boredom were spent practicing it. And to make things worse, the disappointment in my teacher’s eyes as I played the wrong notes was like an invisible hammer, striking on my heart. One day, I finally decided: I hate it!
By chance, things changed when I was seven. I was at home lying on the sofa, wondering how those famous violinists dealt with this terrible dilemma. I searched online for the E-minor Concerto, a well-known violin work by German composer Felix Mendelssohn, and listened to it.
A beautiful and mysterious sound came from the violin as the bow moved across it. It was like the music slid over the flowers, rose up, and started to fill the air. The violin’s voice woke up the sun, made the trees green, and freshened the air. As the music changed, the sky turned back to gray. A gloomy shade covered the grass as all the sunshine disappeared. I could hear children crying and men shouting. It was like an invisible claw had grabbed my heart tightly, making it unable to beat.
That glorious day set off my passion and interest in violin — I grabbed mine and never let it go. Before the memories faded, I stared at my instrument. Without hesitating, I picked it up, rosined(用松香擦) the bow, and began to play. Peace filled my heart.
My violin has been by my side for 12 years. When I feel happy, an energetic tune makes it even better; when I’m deep in sorrow, a peaceful tune washes it away, when I’m walking on air, feeling especially pleased with my achievements, solemn(庄严的) tunes calm me down. Gradually, it has become a part of my life.
My violin, shall I compare you to a summer’s day?
21. What further contributed to the author’s dislike of violin-playing?
A. Orders from mum. B. Boredom of practice.
C. Loss of passion for violin. D. Disappointment in the teacher’s eyes.
22. What can be inferred from Paragraph 4?
A. The author’s feeling was continuously influenced by the music.
B. The weather actually changed because of the tune.
C. The sudden change made the author’s heart unable to beat.
D. The scenery outside the room was quite attractive.
23. Why did the author pick up the violin again?
A. The invisible hammer and claw are gone.
B. The beautiful imagination changed his attitude.
C. A famous tune aroused his interest and passion.
D. He was crazy about Felix Mendelssohn’s works.
24. Which of the following can be the best title for the text?
A. Deep love for music B. My dislike and like of violin
C. An inspiring story of violin D. Musical soul mate—violin
【答案】21. D    22. A    23. C    24. D
【解析】
【分析】
本文是一篇记叙文,作者讲述了自己小时候被妈妈要求学小提琴,后来由于无聊和失望而放弃,无意中因为一首名曲又有了学习的热情,一直坚持了12年到现在,小提琴已经成了生活的一部分,成了我的灵魂伴侣。
【21题详解】
细节理解题。根据第二段中的And to make things worse, the disappointment in my teacher’s eyes as I played the wrong notes was like an invisible(隐形的) hammer, striking on my heart.可知,当作者演奏错误时老师失望的眼神加剧了作者对小提琴的不喜欢,故选D。
【22题详解】
推理判断题。通过第四段中的It was like the music slid over the flowers, rose up, and started to fill the air. The violin’s voice woke up the sun, made the trees green, and freshened the air. As the music changed, the sky turned back to gray.可知,这些对优美琴声的描写,表现了琴声对人心情的影响,人的心情会随着音乐而变化。故选A。
【23题详解】
推理判断题。根据第三段中的I searched online for the E-minor Concerto, a well-known violin work by German composer Felix Mendelssohn, and listened to it.和第五段中的That glorious day set off my passion and interest in violin - I grabbed mine and never let it go.可知,Felix Mendelssohn的E-minor Concerto这首曲子让作者对小提琴又有了兴趣和热情,故选C。
【24题详解】
主旨大意题。文中作者讲述了自己小时候被妈妈要求学小提琴,后来由于无聊和失望而放弃,无意中因为一首名曲又有了学习的热情,一直坚持了12年到现在,小提琴已经成为了生活的一部分,成了灵魂伴侣。Musical soul mate—violin概括了全文意思,又能吸引读者,适合作为标题。故选D。
【点睛】主旨大意题的做题技巧。
1) 主旨大意题属于归纳概括题。如有标题,标题中蕴含的信息往往是关键信息。
2) 找准文章的主题句是关键。“主题句定位法”是一种行之有效的方法。在答题时,我们可以:读首句抓大意;读尾句抓大意;读首尾段抓大意。
3.) 无明显主题句时高频信息词,任一篇文章都是围绕某个主题展开的,因此,有的文章中最明显的特点之一是有一个反复出现的中心词,即高频词,也叫做主题词。抓住了它,便容易抓住文章的中心。
比如小题4,文中作者讲述了自己小时候被妈妈要求学小提琴,后来由于无聊和失望而放弃,无意中因为一首名曲又有了学习的热情,一直坚持了12年到现在,小提琴已经成为了生活的一部分,成了灵魂伴侣。Musical soul mate—violin概括了全文意思,又能吸引读者,适合作为标题。故选D。
 

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