用户名: 密码:  用户登录   新用户注册  忘记密码  账号激活
您的位置:教学资源网 >> 试卷 >> 英语试卷
高中英语编辑
浙江省宁波市咸祥中学2021-2022学年高一下学期期末考试试题 试题(英语)
下载扣金币方式下载扣金币方式
需消耗5金币 立即下载
13个贡献点 立即下载
0个黄金点 立即下载
VIP下载通道>>>
提示:本自然月内重复下载不再扣除金币
  • 资源类别试卷
    资源子类期中期末
  • 教材版本不限
    所属学科高中英语
  • 适用年级高一年级
    适用地区全国通用
  • 文件大小41 K
    上传用户baibai9088
  • 更新时间2022/11/11 8:37:26
    下载统计今日0 总计2
  • 评论(0)发表评论  报错(0)我要报错  收藏
0
0
资源简介

第一节(共10小题;每小题2.5分,满分25分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的ABCD四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题纸上将该项涂黑。

A

There has been a dramatic increase in the number of natural disasters over the past few years, and it is assumed that global warming and climate change could cause even more disasters in the future. Some of the world’s leading cities are facing disasters like floods and heat waves.

London

London’s flood defences are getting older. Since 1982, the Thames Barrier(水闸)has protected the city from the threat of flooding, but it was only designed to last until 2030 and close once every two or three years. About 26 years later, the barrier now closes five or six times a year and according to Environment Agency predictions, by 2050 the barrier will be closed on almost every tide if the problem is not addressed.

There are 26 underground stations, 400 schools, 16 hospitals, an airport and 80 billion worth of property in London’s flood risk area, so large scale flooding would be disastrous.

Paris

Over a six­-week period in July and August 2003, more than 11, 400—mainly elderly people—died in France from dehydration(脱水)and extremely high body temperature in a deadly heat wave. Heat waves of similar intensity(强度)are expected every seven years by 2050, so what can be done to make sure such a disaster does not happen again?

One solution is to have air-­conditioners installed in elderly care homes. But this is considered a short­-term solution, as the increase in demand for electricity also increases carbon emissions(排放)

In Paris the local authorities are encouraging architects to design new types of buildings such as the building “Flower Tower”, which uses a covering of bamboo to act as a natural air-conditioner.

Shanghai

Shanghai is one of the fastest growing cities on Earth. It has a population of 18 million and is only 4 meters above sea level. Sea levels are predicted to rise by 20 cm within the next century.

An estimated 250000 people move to Shanghai every year in search of work, placing extra demands on energy consumption. China relies heavily on coal­-fired power stations, but these emissions increase temperatures and, in turn, warmer seas increase the risk of typhoons.

21. What problem should be settled now in London?

A. How to protect the city’s property.

B. Where to build its flood defences.

C. How to improve the function of the old flood defences

D. How to use the Thames Barrier to protect the city.

22. Which of the following measures CAN’T solve the heat wave disaster in Paris?

A. Putting up new types of buildings with a covering of bamboo.

B. Having air­-conditioners installed in elderly care homes.

C. Encouraging architects to design new types of buildings

D. Forbidding the city to build “Flower Tower”

23. The purpose of the passage is ________

A. to tell us how to protect the big cities

B. to warn us of the increasing natural disasters in big cities

C. to explain what causes flood and heat waves

D. to give advice on how to defend natural disasters

  • 暂时没有相关评论

请先登录网站关闭

  忘记密码  新用户注册